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Systematic reviews

A systematic review of the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in routine practice.

10.14655/743983-900692 Public Health England Lifestyle interventions, Prevention, Type 2 diabetes mellitus This document updates and extends a previously conducted systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventio ...

Are Metabolically Healthy Overweight and Obesity Benign Conditions?: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Kramer, C.K., et al Metabolic status, Mortality, Cardiovascular event, Normal-weight, Overweight, Obese, Obesity Recent interest has focused on a unique subgroup of overweight and obese individuals who have normal metabolic features despite increased adip ...

The heights and weights of Irish children from the post-war era to the Celtic tiger

Perry, Ivan J.; Whelton, Helen; Harrington, Janas; Cousins, Bernard; Childhood obesity; Historical trends; Height; Weight; Obesity in children-- Ireland; Social change-- Ireland-- 20th century; Health surveys-- Ireland; Accepted Version Obesity Systematic ...

Supraglottic airway devices versus tracheal intubation for airway management during general anaesthesia in obese patients

Nicholson, A., et al To examine whether supraglottic airway devices can be used as a safe and effective alternative to tracheal intubation in securing the airway during general anaesthesia in obese patients (with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2) Pat ...

Parenting styles, feeding styles, and their influence on child obesogenic behaviors and body weight. A review

Vollmer, R. and Mobley, AR childhood obesity With recommendations to include parents as targets for childhood obesity interventions, there is a need to review the relationship of general parenting influences on childhood obesity. Therefore, the aim of thi ...

The non-advertising effects of screen-based sedentary activities on acute eating behaviours in children, adolescents, and young adults. A systematic review.

Marsh, S., Mhurchu, CN. and Maddison, R. childhood obesity Sedentary screen time may be an important determinant of childhood obesity. A number of potential mechanisms to explain the link between screen time and increased bodyweight have been proposed; ho ...

Interventions to encourage uptake of cancer screening for people with severe mental illness

Barley, E., et al Health professionals, Cancer screening, Mental illness, Smoking, Diet Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for approximately 13% of all deaths in 2007. Some studies have reported an increased incidence of cancer in pe ...

The impact of initiatives to limit the advertising of food and beverage products to children: a systematic review

Galbraith-Emami, S. and Lobstein, T. Food and drink advertising In response to increasing evidence that advertising of foods and beverages affects children's food choices and food intake, several national governments and many of the world's larg ...

Individual- Versus Group-Based Financial Incentives for Weight Loss

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Computer-based diabetes self-management interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Pal, k., et al Health status, Quality of life, Diabetes, Self-management Diabetes is one of the commonest long-term medical conditions, affecting around 347 million adults worldwide. Around 90% of them have type 2 diabetes and are at significant risk of d ...

Antenatal interventions for reducing weight in obese women for improving pregnancy outcome

Furber, C.M., et al Weight reduction, Obese, Obesity, Overweight, Pregnant women Pregnant women who are obese risk serious complications for themselves and their children. The mother is more likely to develop diabetes or high blood pressure or pre-eclamps ...

Measuring the Food and Built Environments in Urban Centres: Reliability and Validity of the EURO-PREVOB Community Questionnaire

Pomerleau, J., et al Community-level data, Data tools, Environmental factors, Dietary intake, Physical activity The authors designed an instrument to measure objectively aspects of the built and food environments in urban areas, the EURO-PREVOB Community ...

Research: Applying economic evaluation to public health interventions: interventions to promote physical activity

Trueman, P. and Nana Kwame Anokye The cost-effectiveness of exercise referral schemes (ERSs) This paper explores the application of alternative approaches to economic evaluation of public health interventions, using a worked example of exercise referral s ...

Community Design and Policies for Free-Range Children: Creating Environments that Support Routine Physical Activity

Fenton, M. Childhood obesity Growing concern over childhood obesity has prompted a focus on underlying epidemics of physical inactivity and poor nutrition. Regarding the former, there is increasing understanding that behavior change promotion alone has no ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people

Systematic ReviewA systematic review and meta-analysisMiles D. Witham1 and Alison Avenell2 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Ad ...

Low-fat diets for acquired hypercholesterolaemia

Smart, N.A. et al Hypercholesterolaemia Hypercholesterolaemia, characterised by raised blood cholesterol levels, is not a disease itself but a metabolic derangement that often contributes to many diseases, notably cardiovascular disease. In most cases, el ...

Chinese herbal medicines for hypercholesterolemia

Lan Lui, Z. et al Chinese medicine Hypercholesterolemia is an important key contributory factor for ischemic heart disease and is associated with age, high blood pressure, a family history of hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes. Chinese herbal medicines ha ...

Artichoke leaf extract for treating hypercholesterolaemia

Wider, B. et al Hypercholesterolaemia Hypercholesterolaemia is directly associated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease and other sequelae of atherosclerosis. Artichoke leaf extract (ALE) has been implicated in lowering cholesterol levels. Wh ...

Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk

Brunner, E. et al Heart disease Changes in population diet are likely to reduce cardiovascular disease and cancer, but the effect of dietary advice is uncertain. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of providing dietary advice to achieve ...

Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with prediabetes

Norris, S.L. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, DIET, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, WEIGHT LOSS Most persons with prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose) are overweight, and obesity worsens the metabolic and physiologic abnormalities associated wi ...