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Cochrane Reviews

Supraglottic airway devices versus tracheal intubation for airway management during general anaesthesia in obese patients

Nicholson, A., et al To examine whether supraglottic airway devices can be used as a safe and effective alternative to tracheal intubation in securing the airway during general anaesthesia in obese patients (with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2) Pat ...

Interventions to encourage uptake of cancer screening for people with severe mental illness

Barley, E., et al Health professionals, Cancer screening, Mental illness, Smoking, Diet Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for approximately 13% of all deaths in 2007. Some studies have reported an increased incidence of cancer in pe ...

Computer-based diabetes self-management interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Pal, k., et al Health status, Quality of life, Diabetes, Self-management Diabetes is one of the commonest long-term medical conditions, affecting around 347 million adults worldwide. Around 90% of them have type 2 diabetes and are at significant risk of d ...

Antenatal interventions for reducing weight in obese women for improving pregnancy outcome

Furber, C.M., et al Weight reduction, Obese, Obesity, Overweight, Pregnant women Pregnant women who are obese risk serious complications for themselves and their children. The mother is more likely to develop diabetes or high blood pressure or pre-eclamps ...

Low-fat diets for acquired hypercholesterolaemia

Smart, N.A. et al Hypercholesterolaemia Hypercholesterolaemia, characterised by raised blood cholesterol levels, is not a disease itself but a metabolic derangement that often contributes to many diseases, notably cardiovascular disease. In most cases, el ...

Chinese herbal medicines for hypercholesterolemia

Lan Lui, Z. et al Chinese medicine Hypercholesterolemia is an important key contributory factor for ischemic heart disease and is associated with age, high blood pressure, a family history of hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes. Chinese herbal medicines ha ...

Artichoke leaf extract for treating hypercholesterolaemia

Wider, B. et al Hypercholesterolaemia Hypercholesterolaemia is directly associated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease and other sequelae of atherosclerosis. Artichoke leaf extract (ALE) has been implicated in lowering cholesterol levels. Wh ...

Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk

Brunner, E. et al Heart disease Changes in population diet are likely to reduce cardiovascular disease and cancer, but the effect of dietary advice is uncertain. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of providing dietary advice to achieve ...

Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with prediabetes

Norris, S.L. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, DIET, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, WEIGHT LOSS Most persons with prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose) are overweight, and obesity worsens the metabolic and physiologic abnormalities associated wi ...

Pharmacotherapy for weight loss in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Norris, S.L. et al Weight management Obesity is closely related to type 2 diabetes and long-term weight reduction is an important part of the care delivered to obese persons with diabetes. The objective of this review is to assess the efficacy of pharmaco ...

Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Norris, S.L. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, LIFESTYLE, OBESITY, WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Most persons with type 2 diabetes are overweight and obesity worsens the metabolic and physiologic abnormalities associated with diabetes. The objective of this revie ...

Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity

Baker, P.R.A., et al Physical activity interventions Multi-strategic community wide interventions for physical activity are increasingly popular but their ability to achieve population level improvements is unknown. The objective of this review is to eval ...

Interventions to change the behaviour of health professionals and the organisation of care to promote weight reduction in overweight and obese adults

Flodgren G, Deane K, Dickinson HO, Kirk S, Alberti H, Beyer FR, Brown JG, Penney TL, Summerbell CD, Eccles MP HEALTH INTERVENTION, HEALTH PROFESSIONAL, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Although obesity used to be confined largely to high income coun ...

Hormonal contraceptives for contraception in overweight or obese women

Lopez LM, Grimes DA, Chen-Mok M, Westhoff C, Edelman A, Helmerhorst FM BODY MASS INDEX, CONTRACEPTION, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Excess body weight has become a problem around the world. Being overweight or obese may affect how well hormonal ...

Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C, Veras R Management of overweight and obesity Rigorous scientific evidence linking overweight or obesity with increased risk for stroke is missing. Overweight and obesity are important public health problems and are associated with many ...

Surgery for Obesity

Colquitt JL, Picot J, Loveman E, Clegg AJ Management of overweight and obesity Obesity is associated with many health problems and a higher risk of death. Bariatric (weight loss) surgery for obesity is usually only considered when all other treatments hav ...

Rimonabant for overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C Management of overweight and obesity Rimonabant is the first drug of a new class of medications that seems to reduce body weight and improve risk factors for diseases of the blood vessels and heart in people who are overweight or obese. ...

Psychological interventions for overweight or obesity

Shaw KA, O'Rourke P, Del Mar C, Kenardy J Management of overweight and obesity Several psychological methods are used to try and help people who are overweight or obese to lose weight. This review found that cognitive behaviour therapy and behaviour ...

Low glycaemic index or low glycaemic load diets for overweight and obesity

Thomas, D., Elliott, E.J. and Baur, L. NUTRITION, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT There is a lack of consensus as to the best nutritional management of obesity. We assessed the effects of low glycaemic index or glycaemic load diets in overweight or ...

Long-term Pharmacotherapy for Obesity and Overweight

Padwal RS, Rucker D, Li SK, Curioni C, Lau DCW OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT This review assessed the long-term benefits and risks of approved anti-obesity drugs in clinical trials of 1 to 4 years duration. Sixteen orlistat (10,631 p ...

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